As far as the beauty industry is concerned, the last couple of years may end up going down in history as one of the most transformational times in makeup history—period. Since the revolution unofficially kicked off in September 2017 with the launch of Fenty Beauty and the brand’s 40 shades of Pro Filt’r Soft Matte Longwear Foundation (the line has since been upped to 50 shades), it seems like most makeup brands have followed suit and either added to their already extensive shade ranges (think brands like NYX Cosmetics and Estée Lauder increasing their offerings to 45 and 56, respectively), or beefed up previously lackluster selections (like Tarte adding 15 shades to the beloved Amazonian Clay Full Coverage Foundation range).
And it’s not just shade ranges that have evolved. In-store shade-matching technologies are available at Sephora and Lancôme counters, online shade-matching quizzes are everywhere and this website recommends dozens of foundation shades based on entering just a single one that you’ve used before. Finally, the beauty industry is making up for its decades of oversights and neglect when it comes to serving people of colour, and is giving everyone the chance to find their perfect shade.
Thanks to this newfound sophistication and range of shade-matching methods, shopping for foundation should be easier than ever. But is it? What about all of the other aspects that need to be taken into consideration when selecting a foundation, like finish, coverage, ingredients and texture? Have we been so swept up in the glorious changes that the Fenty effect has brought on that we’re forgetting about, you know, our skin types and concerns?
We reached out to Toronto-based makeup artist Christine Cho to learn about all of the different foundation qualities, ingredients and formulas to consider when shopping for a foundation for every skin type and issue.
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How to choose the best foundation for dark under-eye circles
“The most important things to keep in mind here are coverage and hydration,” explains Cho. Then consider neutralization: that is, looking to opposite shades on the colour wheel when colour-correcting to figure out which ones cancel each other out. “If you have more blue-tinted, dark under-eye circles, choose complexion products with orange/peach undertones. If you have purple under-eye bags, choose complexion products that are more yellow/golden.” These “opposites” will hide the shades you’re looking to conceal.
Less is more when using foundation to cover under-eye circles, since it’s not an area that can handle heavy amounts of makeup. “Foundations that contain hydrating ingredients like hyaluronic acid are often better when it comes to delicate, dry areas like the under-eyes,” suggests Cho. Look for a foundation with a satin finish, to maintain the appearance of moisture, while also providing the coverage you’re looking for. Since the under-eye area can get super dry (the skin is extremely thin and thus can’t maintain moisture like, say, your cheeks can), it’s important to apply a good amount of moisturizer to the area before applying makeup. Keep in mind that you’ll want to use something that doesn’t irritate the ultra-sensitive eye area, so an eye cream is a safe bet.
Our pick: Benefit Hello Happy Flawless Brightening Foundation, $40, sephora.com
“It has great coverage, but feels light and moisturizing,” says Cho. “Skin looks healthy, reflective, luminous and flawless.”
How to choose the best foundation for dry skin
“Dry skin is also often dull,” says Cho. “Adding radiance, luminosity and brightness with hydration is key.” If your skin is on the dry side, you might want to stay away from ultra-matte finishes. Instead, opt for a foundation with a dewy, glowy finish“Skin should look ‘wetter’ after applying a good foundation to dry skin,” says Cho, “but not shimmery or sparkly.” And if you’re comfortable, lean toward more medium or sheer-coverage foundations (think: lightweight formulas that feel breathable, watery, or almost serum-like, rather than like a thick cream), to simply even out your skin tone.
When it comes to setting your makeup, less is definitely more if your skin is dry. “Avoid applying too much setting powder on top of foundation. Just a light dusting or pressing to a shiny T-zone” will do, says Cho. Anything else will simply suck all that much-needed moisture out of your skin. And we probably don’t need to say this but we will anyway—moisturizer is your friend! Load up on your favourite serums, creams and oils before you start doing your makeup. Your skin should already feel comfortable and moist before you apply foundation, so never apply onto a complexion that’s feeling tight, dry or itchy.
Our pick: Valmont Teint Majestueux Satin Glow Foundation, $275, lamaisonvalmont.com
“It’s light to the touch, fresh and provides the ideal satin skin finish without over-covering, which is especially great for dry skin types,” suggests Cho.
How to choose the best foundation for oily skin
“Oily skin is prone to skin looking shiny very soon after makeup application,” warns Cho. When it comes to coverage, oily skin types can pick their poison, based on preference. But whether you go with a full-coverage or a sheer-coverage foundation, “it’s important to balance the excess oil production at skincare level first, then choose a mattifying primer followed by an oil-free, mattifying foundation.”
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And if oil-production is your main concern, makeup brushes or beauty sponges are going to be your BFF. “Avoid using your fingers to apply foundation, as oil from your hands can add oil to your face.”
Our pick: Smashbox Studio Skin Full Coverage 24 Hour Foundation, $48, sephora.com
“This will provide a flawless base that is buildable and customizable—and it lasts,” says Cho.
How to choose the best foundation for textured skin and/or acne scars
If you’ve got some texture and acne-scarring, finding a product that offers both coverage and smoothness is super important. “Layering products is key here,” says Cho, rather than just focusing on using a lot of foundation. “Start with a smoothing primer (this BeautyBlender pick never disappoints), followed by a full-coverage foundation, then a thin layer of setting powder and a light dusting of powder foundation.”
Avoid watery foundations with a lot of illuminating ingredients and instead opt for “straight pigment with thick, creamy textures that can fill in some texture and stay put.” Another important thing to note is your application method. Textured skin can really benefit from a dense foundation brush for more careful, even application.
Our pick: Charlotte Tilbury Airbrush Flawless Foundation, $53, charlottetilbury.com
“This is one of the best long-wear, full-coverage foundations,” says Cho. It’ll “last all day and night without budging once it’s set.”
How to choose the best foundation for sensitive, reactive skin
This is where things get a little more complicated. Finding a foundation for sensitive/reactive skin is a personal journey, says Cho. “Each individual’s allergies, triggers to irritation, ingredient sensitivity history and makeup goals” must be considered, since someone can have reactive skin and have any skin type (oily, normal, dry, combo etc).
This isn’t a one-size-fits-all situation but there are a few rules of thumb that can apply to all sensitive or reactive skin, regardless of your individual triggers.“Less is more when it comes to sensitive skin,” says Cho. “Try a tinted moisturizer or sheer foundation first, and layer if needed (or add concealer to spot areas) for extra coverage,” rather than going all in, all at once. Look for gentler formulas that don’t have any active ingredients in them, and take note of how you apply foundation, too. “It’s important to apply makeup gently, using less friction and pressure,” insists Cho. “Being light-handed is helpful in avoiding redness and flare-ups. Use a soft, latex-free sponge or super soft brush to apply foundation.”
Our pick: Burberry Matte Glow Foundation, $72, nordstrom.com
“It provides lightweight, reflective coverage that looks and feels like natural skin.”